Whereas UniBus focused on enabling and enhancing direct academia-industry collaboration, the PoliUniBus scope extends to include also the roles of governments, civil society, and the overarching context of the natural environment. The natural environment is an important inclusion in the model as a typical source of societal grand challenges such as climate change, or other Sustainable Development Goals. There is a view suggesting the formation of “participatory architectures” as a contribution for pragmatically tackling grand challenges as a novel form of robust action, i.e. strategic actions that produce a balance between retaining alternative open paths without over committing to specific outcomes, while simultaneously maximizing value created given present choices. A methodology for guiding policymakers through platform encouraging cross-sector participation seemingly fits the framework consider for the PolyUniBus. Grand challenges are often characterized as “wicked problems” whose resolution requires efforts at the system level, hence a systems thinking approach is necessary to understand the interconnections and trade-offs across the value dimensions. The quintuple helix model proposed in IO 2 report entails developing an understanding at multiple embedded system levels, so that the developed methodology guides decision-making in a way conducive to system.